When most people think about grace and forgiveness, they think that if they confess their sins that they will be forgiven (1John 1:9). But that statement was not written to Christian or the proceeding verse would make no sense. John was writing to gnostics which didn’t believe in the physical manifestation of god in Jesus or of a physical resurrection as we can see in verse 3 (that which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us) they are not presently fellow-shipping because they didn’t understand the nature of Jesus as the light. If we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (1 John 1:7-9) If we are in the light (all Christians are in the light), the blood of Jesus cleanses us from all sins. We do not repent on the basis of what we know because we tend to only remember the big sins. We are forgiven on the basis of Jesus knowledge of our sin. Our forgiveness is not about God being merciful to us; sending Jesus was God’s act of mercy. Forgiveness is now God’s act of justice because all the judgment for our sins was poured out on Jesus on the cross. Jesus said, (John 12 :31,32) “Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all (peoples) to Myself.” The word people is not in the original. If we read it properly and take out the reference to satan, it is talking about judgement. (John 12 :31,32) “Now is the judgment of this world; … And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw (it) all (judgement) to Myself.” So when we think of repentance and confession, we are drawn back to the cross and the work that was finished there. When Jesus shouted “It is finished”, He was referring to the power of sin and the judgement for it. It is finished; we are forgiven because He bore the judgment and the shame and broke the power of the condemnation.